Chagas parchal

chagas parchal

What are the symptoms of Chagas disease?

Chagas disease. It is spread mostly by insects known as Triatominae, or kissing bugs. The symptoms change over the course of the infection. In the early stage, symptoms are typically either not present or mild, and may include fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, or local swelling at the site of the bite.

What happens if Chagas is left untreated?

Also called American trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease can infect anyone. Left untreated, Chagas disease later can cause serious heart and digestive problems. Treatment of Chagas disease focuses on killing the parasite in acute infection and managing signs and symptoms in later stages.

Where is Chagas disease found?

The disease is found mainly in endemic areas of 21 continental Latin American countries 1, where it is mostly transmitted to humans and other mammals by contact with faeces or urine of triatomine bugs (vector-borne), known as kissing bugs, among many other popular names, depending on the geographical area.

What is the economic impact of Chagas disease?

Chagas disease has a serious economic impact on the United States and the world. The cost of treatment in the United States alone, where the disease is not indigenous, is estimated to be $900 million annually, which includes hospitalization and medical devices such as pacemakers.

What are the symptoms of acute phase of Chagas disease?

Acute phase. The acute phase of Chagas disease, which lasts for weeks or months, is often symptom-free. When signs and symptoms do occur, they are usually mild and may include: Swelling at the infection site. Fever. Fatigue. Rash. Body aches.

Do symptoms of Chagas disease go away on their own?

Signs and symptoms that develop during the acute phase usually go away on their own. If left untreated, the infection persists and, in some cases, advances to the chronic phase. Signs and symptoms of the chronic phase of Chagas disease may occur 10 to 20 years after initial infection, or they may never occur.

What is Chagas disease of the eye?

Chagas disease is an infection caused by a parasite known as Trypanosoma cruzi. The infection can spread to many different areas of the body. The disease is endemic in Mexico and Central and South America. Signs and symptoms of Chagas disease include an acute phase which may cause swelling around the eyelid.

What is the pathophysiology of Chagas?

Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to animals and people by insect vectors that are found only in the Americas (mainly, in rural areas of Latin America where poverty is widespread). Chagas disease (T. cruzi infection) is also referred to as American trypanosomiasis.

What is Chagas disease?

Related Pages. Chagas disease is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the disease in 1909. It is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to animals and people by insect vectors and is found only in the Americas (mainly, in rural areas of Latin America where poverty is widespread).

How to prevent Chagas disease in Latin America?

Vector control and other strategies aiming at reducing vector-borne transmission are the most useful methods to prevent Chagas disease in Latin America. Blood screening is vital to prevent infection through transfusion and organ transplantation all over the world.

Can you get Chagas disease from a hotel?

Its rare for travelers to the at-risk areas in South America, Central America and Mexico to contract Chagas disease because travelers tend to stay in well-constructed buildings, such as hotels. Triatomine bugs are usually found in structures built with mud or adobe or thatch.

What are the risk factors for Chagas disease?

Risk factors. Its rare for travelers to the at-risk areas in South America, Central America and Mexico to contract Chagas disease because travelers tend to stay in well-constructed buildings, such as hotels. Triatomine bugs are usually found in structures built with mud or adobe or thatch.

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