What is Natura 2000?
Natura 2000 - Environment - European Commission Natura 2000 is the largest network of protected areas in the world. It offers a haven to Europes most valuable and threatened species and habitats.
Is attention now turning to Natura 2000 management?
As the process of choosing Natura 2000 sites nears its conclusion, attention is now turning towards their management.
What counts as a marine site under Natura 2000?
Coastal sites with a marine area covering more than 5% but less than 95% of the total site are counted as both terrestrial and marine sites. Note that several Member States have proposed large sites including ‘buffer zones’ as Natura 2000 sites, while others have proposed only the core areas.
How are the pooled area figures calculated for the Natura 2000 network?
The pooled area figures for the Natura 2000 network of sites (SPA s + SCIs) have been obtained by GIS analysis, using the spatial boundaries provided by Member States for each of their sites. The calculation used for Natura 2000 eliminates possible overlaps between Birds Directive sites and Habitats Directive sites.
How many marine Natura 2000 sites have been designated?
To date (end 2018), more than 3150 marine Natura 2000 sites have been designated, which cover almost 10% of the total EU marine area (over 550,000 km 2 ). Relevant information sources: Guidance document on the establishment of marine Natura 2000 sites: Guidelines for the establishment of the Natura 2000 network in the marine environment.
What is the Natura 2000 network?
The Natura 2000 network is underpinned by two European Directives: the Birds Directive 1 and the Habitats Directive 2 which are collectively known as the Nature Directives. Under the Habitats Directive, Member States propose sites as Sites of Community Importance (SCI).
What is the coverage of terrestrial Natura 2000 areas?
The coverage of terrestrial Natura 2000 areas was 784 994 km 2 in 2019, which is 18 % of the EU’s land area. This is more than the global biodiversity target for protected areas, which aims to conserve at least 17 % of terrestrial and inland water areas by 2020 (Aichi Target 11).
How are sacs incorporated into the Natura 2000 network?
These sites are automatically incorporated into the Natura 2000 network. For the creation of SACs, an assessment is made at the national level of the relative importance of sites for each natural habitat type and species listed in the Habitats Directive. For habitat type this assessment looks at: 2