What is the meaning of Indonesia?

Indonesia (/ ˌ ɪ n d ə ˈ n iː ʒ ə / IN-də-NEE-zhə), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia] ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans.

What is the size of Indonesia?

Indonesia is the worlds largest island country and the 14th-largest country by land area, at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles ). With more than 270 million people, Indonesia is the worlds fourth-most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority country.

What is the history of Indonesia?

The term Indonesia came into use for the geographical location after 1880. In the early 20th century, local intellectuals began developing the concept of Indonesia as a nation state, and set the stage for an independence movement. Japans World War II occupation dismantled much of the Dutch colonial state and economy.

What is Bahasa Indonesia?

Bahasa Indonesia diajukan sebagai bahasa persatuan sejak masa pergerakan kemerdekaan Indonesia melalui Sumpah Pemuda dan ditetapkan oleh konstitusi pada 1945.

What is Indonesia?

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17,508 islands. It has 34 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the worlds fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president.

What is the etymology of Indonesia?

Etymology. The name Indonesia derives from Greek words of Indos ( Ἰνδός) and nesos ( νῆσος ), meaning Indian islands. The name dates to the 18th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia. In 1850, George Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed the terms Indunesians —and, his preference, ...

What is the capital of Indonesia called?

A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta.

Why is Indonesia called the Dutch East Indies?

During that era, the East Indies portion now called Indonesia fell under Dutch colonial control and therefore was referred to as Dutch East Indies . Indonesia derives from the Latin and Greek Indus (Ἰνδός), meaning Indian, and the Greek nésos (νῆσος), meaning island.

What is the history of Indonesia prehistory?

History of Indonesia The archipelago: its prehistory and early historical records Remains of Homo erectus (originally called Pithecanthropus, or Java man) indicate that the ancestors of humans already inhabited the island of Java roughly 1.7 million years ago, when much of the western archipelago was still linked by land bridges.

When did Indonesia gain its independence?

The Republic of Indonesia, officially proclaimed on August 17th, 1945, gained sovereignty four years later. During the first two decades of independence, the republic was dominated by the charismatic figure of Sukarno, one of the early nationalists who had been imprisoned by the Dutch. General (ret.) Soeharto eased Sukarno from power in 1967.

Where did the name Indonesia come from?

The name Indonesia, meaning Indian Islands, was coined by an Englishman, J. R. Logan, in Malaya in 1850. Derived from the Greek, Indos (India) and nesos (island), it has parallels in Melanesia, black islands; Micronesia, small islands; and Polynesia, many islands.

How did the sea influence early Indonesian history?

Sites associated with early Indonesian history. Not surprisingly, the sea has greatly influenced Indonesian history, and the boat has long been a pervasive metaphor in the arts and the literary and oral traditions of the islands.

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