Ataxia

ataxia

What does ‘‘ataxia’ mean?

‘Ataxia’ is an umbrella term for a group of neurological disorders that affect balance, coordination and speech. There are many different types of ataxia that affect people in different ways.

What is the prognosis of ataxia?

Age of symptom-onset can vary widely, from childhood to late-adulthood. Complications from the disease are serious and oftentimes debilitating. Some types of Ataxia can lead to an early death. Ataxia symptoms vary by person and type of Ataxia. Rate of progression varies as well.

What is episodic ataxia?

Episodic ataxia is a rare and unusual type of hereditary ataxia where someone experiences episodes of ataxia, but the rest of the time they have no or only mild symptoms. During an episode, someone with episodic ataxia may experience: Episodic ataxia usually first develops during the teenage years.

Is ataxia a symptom of incoordination?

Ataxia as a Symptom. The word “ataxia” can also be used to describe a symptom of incoordination which can be associated with infections, injuries, other diseases, or degenerative changes in the central nervous system. This form of ataxia is different from the neurological disease.

What is ataxia?

Ataxia describes a lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect various movements and create difficulties with speech, eye movement and swallowing.

Is ataxia a symptom of incoordination?

Ataxia as a Symptom. The word “ataxia” can also be used to describe a symptom of incoordination which can be associated with infections, injuries, other diseases, or degenerative changes in the central nervous system. This form of ataxia is different from the neurological disease.

What are the symptoms of ataxia in elderly?

Symptoms. Symptoms may worsen slowly, over decades – or quickly, over mere months. Common symptoms of Ataxia are lack of coordination, slurred speech, trouble eating and swallowing, eye movement abnormalities, deterioration of fine motor skills, difficulty walking, gait abnormalities, tremors, and heart problems.

What is the pathophysiology of sensory ataxia?

sensory ataxia ataxia due to loss of proprioception (joint position sense), resulting in poorly judged movements and becoming aggravated when the eyes are closed.

What is episodic ataxia (EA)?

What Is Episodic Ataxia? Episodic ataxia (EA) is a neurological condition that impairs movement. It’s rare, affecting less than 0.001 per cent of the population. People who have EA experience episodes of poor coordination and/or balance ( ataxia) which can last from several seconds to several hours.

What is ataxia?

Ataxia describes a lack of muscle control or coordination of voluntary movements, such as walking or picking up objects. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect various movements and create difficulties with speech, eye movement and swallowing.

What are the treatment options for episodic ataxia?

Treatment of episodic ataxia. Episodic ataxia is diagnosed using tests such as a neurological examination, electromyography (EMG), and genetic testing. After diagnosis, EA is typically treated with anticonvulsant/antiseizure medication. Acetazolamide is one of the most common drugs in the treatment of EA1 and EA2,...

How often does ataxia type 2 occur?

Episodic ataxia type 2 Episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) usually appears in childhood or early adulthood. It’s characterized by episodes of ataxia that last hours. However, these episodes occur less frequently than with EA1, ranging from one or two per year to three to four per week.

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