Nikolay novachuk

nikolay novachuk

What is the history of Novichok?

The agents were developed at the GosNIIOKhT state chemical research institute by the Soviet Union and Russia between 1971 and 1993. Some Novichok agents at STP are solids while others are liquids.

What is Novichok and why should we care?

In the 21st century, Novichok agents came to public attention after they were used to poison opponents of the Russian government, including the Skripals and two others in Amesbury, UK (2018) and Alexei Navalny (2020), but civil poisonings with this substance have been known since at least 1995.

Did Mirzayanov leak the correct Novichok structures?

Professor Leonid Rink, who said he had participated in the creation of Novichok agents, confirmed that the structures leaked by Mirzayanov were the correct ones. Rink was himself convicted in Russia for illegally selling a Novichok agent used to assassinate in 1995 a banker Ivan Kivelidi and his secretary.

Did Germany pass Novichok sample to US and UK?

In May 2018, the Irish Independent reported that Germany s foreign intelligence service secured a sample of the Soviet-developed nerve agent Novichok in the 1990s and passed on its knowledge to partners including Britain and the US, according to German media reports. The sample was analysed in Sweden.

What do we really know about Novichok?

Much of what we know of Novichok came from the writings of scientist Vil Mirzayanov and his colleague Lev Fyodorov, who were formerly connected to the Soviet Union’s chemical weapons development institute.

Where did the Novichok agent come from?

The agents were developed at the GosNIIOKhT state chemical research institute by the Soviet Union and Russia between 1971 and 1993. Some Novichok agents at STP are solids while others are liquids. It is thought that dispersal for the solids is possible by ultrafine powder.

What are Novichok nerve agents?

The Novichok, or newcomer class of nerve agents are lesser characterized, weaponized organophosphate agents. The use of known Novichokagents in warfare is banned under the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1997.

What should clinicians know about novichok poisoning?

Given increasing worldwide incidents attributed to chemical weapons such as Novichokagents, clinicians should know how to rapidly recognize symptoms of acute poisoning and administer life-saving antidotal therapy, when indicated. Keywords: Novichok; chemical weapons; nerve agents; organophosphates.

What are the chemical structures of Novichok agents?

The chemical structures of novichok agents were made public in 2008 by Vil Mirzayanov, a former Russian scientist living in the US, but the structures have never been publicly confirmed. It is thought they can be made in different forms, including as a dust aerosol.

Where and when was the Novichok made?

Mirzayanov also says that it was at Shikhany, in 1973, that scientist Pyotr Petrovich Kirpichev first produced Novichok agents; Vladimir Uglev joined him on the project in 1975. According to Mirzayanov, while production took place in Shikhany, the weapon was tested at Nukus between 1986 and 1989.

What is the treatment for Novichok exposure?

Treatment for novichok exposure would be the same as for other nerve agents, namely with atropine, diazepam and potentially drugs called oximes. The chemical structures of novichok agents were made public in 2008 by Vil Mirzayanov, a former Russian scientist living in the US, but the structures have never been publicly confirmed.

What do we know about the Novichok attacks?

The attacks led to the death of one person, left three others in a critical condition from which they recovered, and briefly hospitalised a police officer. The Russian government denies producing or researching agents under the title Novichok.

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